subject

subject
subject
1. noun
   a. ( = matter, topic, person) sujet m (of, for de ) ; (studied at school or university) matière f
• to get off the subject sortir du sujet
• that's off the subject c'est hors sujet
• let's get back to the subject revenons à nos moutons
• let's change the subject changeons de sujet
• English is his best subject l'anglais est sa matière forte
► on the subject of ... au sujet de ...
• while we're on the subject of ... pendant que nous parlons de ...
   b. ( = citizen) sujet(te) m(f)
• British subject sujet m britannique
• he is a French subject il est de nationalité française
2. adjective
   a. subject to ( = prone to) sujet à
• the area is subject to drought la région est sujette à la sécheresse
• subject to French rule sous domination française
• your gift will be subject to VAT votre cadeau sera soumis à la TVA
   b. subject to the approval of the committee ( = depending on) sous réserve de l'accord du comité
• subject to certain conditions sous certaines conditions
• the decision is subject to approval/confirmation cette décision doit être approuvée/confirmée
• "subject to availability" [holiday, concert, flight] « dans la limite des places disponibles » ; [free gift] « dans la limite des stocks disponibles »
• "prices are subject to alteration" « ces prix sont sujets à modifications »
3. transitive verb
[+ country] soumettre
• to subject sb to sth faire subir qch à qn
• to subject sth to heat/cold exposer qch à la chaleur/au froid
• he was subjected to much criticism il a fait l'objet de nombreuses critiques
4. compounds
► subject heading noun rubrique f
► subject matter noun ( = theme) sujet m ; ( = content) contenu m
━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
Lorsque subject est un nom ou un adjectif, l'accent tombe sur la première syllabe : ˈsʌbdʒɪkt, lorsque c'est un verbe, sur la seconde : səbˈdʒekt.
* * *
1. ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
noun
1) (topic) sujet m also Art, Photography, Linguistics

to change ou drop the subject — parler d'autre chose

to raise a subject — soulever une question

while we're on the subject of bonuses... — pendant que nous en sommes aux primes...

2) (at school, college) matière f; (for research, study) sujet m

her subject is genetics — elle est spécialisée en génétique

3) (focus) objet m

to be the subject of an inquiry — faire l'objet d'une enquête

4) (citizen) sujet/-ette m/f
2. ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
adjective
1) (subservient) asservi

to be subject to — être soumis à [law, rule]

2) (liable)

to be subject to — être sujet/-ette à [flooding, fits]; être passible de [tax]

prices are subject to increases — les prix peuvent subir des augmentations

flights are subject to delay — les vols sont susceptibles d'être en retard

3) (dependent)

to be subject to — dépendre de [approval]

‘subject to alteration’ — ‘sous réserve de modification’

‘subject to availability’ — (of flights, tickets) ‘dans la limite des places disponibles’; (of goods) ‘dans la limite des stocks disponibles’

3. [səb'dʒekt]
transitive verb (expose)

to subject somebody to something — faire subir quelque chose à quelqu'un

to be subjected to — devoir supporter [noise]; faire l'objet de [attacks]; être soumis à [torture]

to subject something to heat — exposer quelque chose à la chaleur


English-French dictionary. 2013.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

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